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Other Articles on Islam

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In AD 610, a businessman named Muhammad (570-632) of Mecca in Arabia, began to preach submission to the one God Allah. He attributes his religion to a vision of the angel Gabriel, who gave him the Qur’an, Islam’s sacred scriptures. The angel Gabriel was first mentioned in the Judeo-Christian Bible. Today, Islam is the religion of about 20 percent of the world’s population.

The central confession in Islam is the shahada, "There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet." Muslim means "one who submits." Islam teaches submission to God in all things. It is a code of honor, a system or law, and a way of life based on the Qur’an. The level of devotion to this oral code determines one’s salvation.

Muhammad, the founder of Islam, is considered Allah’s last and greatest prophet. Muslims also believe that Abraham, Moses, and Jesus are great prophets. Jesus is not considered to be God’s Son or the Messiah.

Muslims live by the Pillars of Islam:

Confession of faith—"there is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet"

Daily prayer—in the direction of the Sacred Mosque in Mecca, Islam’s holiest city

Charity—giving two percent of their annual income to the poor

Fasting—at various prescribed times, especially during Ramadan, the holiest month of the Muslim year

Pilgrimage—A pilgrimage to the city of Mecca, and the birthplace of Muhammad, is expected of healthy and otherwise qualified Muslim’s at least once in a lifetime.